scepter with bird on top, perhaps a cormorant (cf. Gardiner, Sign-list, G 35). Four characters in field.
Rev. Aβλαvαθαvαλβα, the first letter alone, the rest in three lines of four letters each.
Red-brown jasper, with streaks of brighter red. Upright oval, 23 X 16 X 3.
Obv. Two demons with canine heads and necks, dressed in tunics and boots, clasping hands over a stele with gabled top; their free hands hold tall scepters. The clasped hands support a small mummy (Osiris), the head of which was damaged by the perforation of the stone. Several unconnected letters on the face of the stele, a star at each side of its gable. Above, 0υ
ιραπ, in exergue, Iαω. The occurrence of the former name (Osiris-Apis) on a stone that can hardly be dated earlier than the fourth century is an interesting survival of Egyptian religious tradition.
Anubis supporting the mummy of Osiris is a theme used on other gems, e.g. No. 7
. The doubling of an Anubis-like figure may be compared to the two figures of Nemesis that appear on coins of Smyrna (Roscher, III, 1, 143 ff.). The theme of two figures facing one another, sometimes clasping hands, with an altar between them is seen on various coins showing emperor and Caesar, emperor and a divinity, or two divinities; cf. B. M. Cat. AIex
., 876, Pl. 29; Dattari 1031, Pl. 23; 2126 and 4082, Pl. 7.
Rev. Groove crossed by diagonal cuts (intended for ouroboros?) enclosing abrasax, three characters, Iao. On bevel, Ia repeated several times.
Steatite. Broad upright oval, 40 Χ 35 X 6.
Obv. Crocodile, head to left, mouth open; resting upon its back, a broad face with heavy hair falling on each side (Hathor?); above it an amphora. On each side of this vessel and facing it, a cock. Under the right-hand bird, over the crocodile's tail, an ox head. At left, in front of the crocodile, a symbol perhaps intended to represent a disk between horns, or to suggest a bud; it is supported by a stalk bent at an angle, then continued parallel to its original course. Under it the letters IB. Elsewhere in the field, O, Π, B, and an unknown symbol.
Sardonyx in two layers, dull brown over cream white. Transverse oval, 18 X 14 X 4. Obv. convex, rev. flat.
Obv. Right half of papyrus boat, the end shaped like the head of a goddess (Isis?) wearing a crown of ears of grain (or perhaps a reed bundle) between uraei. Next to l., a siren with head, arms, and body of a woman, legs, feet, and tail of a bird; r. hand raised towards face, l. holding an indistinct object. Next, the back and lower part of a throne and the legs and feet of a seated person, the rest broken away.
The style, design, and material resemble those of an Athenian gem (2744 D) published by Delatte, Musée Belge, 18, 53. It is intact, and shows that the seated divinity was Sarapis. The siren is smaller than the one on the Michigan stone; it is impossible to say whether other details agreed.
Rev. Part of the Chabrach formula.
Lapis lazuli. Originally a broad oval, about half lost. Present measurements, 26 X 16 X 3.
Obv. Demon with indistinct head, probably meant for that of a lion, riding to r. on a bovine animal, the tail of which ends in a snake's head. There is a scarab between the horns, and the feet rest on a crocodile, whose head is turned to r. The demon's arms, which resemble thick snakes, are raised, the l. hand holding a whip. Nimbus with six double rays round head. Two stars under r. elbow.
Rev. In six lines, Iαω αεωo υφθαχ αωηιθ ωχαω εηα.