The CBd
 
 
Magical gem: Pantheos, lion, acclamation (A) three deities (B) pseudo-inscription (C)
CBd-Number:
CBd-677
ID-Number:
GB-BM-MMEu_G 597
Collection:
GB_London, The British Museum
Inventory:
G 597
References:
Michel, BM, no. 291; Michel, DMG, no. 41.5_1
Material:
obsidian (black)
Dimensions:
28 x 25 x 6 mm
Dating:
3rd c. AD (Michel)
Iconography:
Pantheos; stars (6); figures, female (2); figure, male; snakes (2); solar disk; crown, hemhem; protomes of animals (3-3); scepters (2); scepter, unspecified; tail of bird; tabula ansata; animal: lion; gesture, hand raised to mouth
Divine Names & Voces:
Ἰάω; voces, unidentified; Σαβαώθ, variants

A: Frontal view of four-winged Pantheos on the back of a lion, which strides left above a tabula ansata. The Pantheos is nude, and has a bird’s tail projecting to right. Both arms are bent in elbow and hold scepters with a crossing notch at the top. The face, to front, is framed by animal protomes on each side, head crowned with the solar disk and the hemhem-crown. In the free field to the left and right of the figures, two coiling snakes with open jaws. Inscription in three lines within the tabula ansata: φυλαξοναπο|παντοσκακ|ουιαωσαβαω → φύλαξον π παντς κακο  Ἰάω, Σαβαώ. 'Protect from all evil, Iao, Sabao'. Around the image, letters arranged in concentric circles.
B: In the upper field: three figures standing above a tabula ansata. On the left: a female figure wearing a long garment, head to right, left hand raised to mouth (Sigé). In the middle: a nude male figure; on the right: a female figure in a long garment, right hand stretched out to the left, left hand leaning onto a tall staff. Both latter figures turning towards Sigé, all wearing headbands. In the free field around them: six four- and six-pointed stars. Inscription in three lines within the tabula ansata: φυλαξοναπο|παντοσκακ|ουι[-]ααχμ[- -] → φύλαξον π παντς κακο, unidentified vox. 'Protect from all evil!' In the lower field: imitation inscription.
C: Imitation of an inscription in three concentric lines.

Bibliography
Michel, BM on CBd-677
The British Museum Collection database on CBd-677

Last modified: 2021-03-13 13:51:50
Link:cbd.mfab.hu/cbd/677
CITE THIS PAGE
CBd-677. The Campbell Bonner Magical Gems Database (2010-), developed at the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, editor-in-chief: Á. M. Nagy. Retrieved from: cbd.mfab.hu/cbd/677 on 02-10-2022.

Image-ID 7575

Credits Photo: Christopher A. Faraone

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 7576

Credits Photo: Christopher A. Faraone

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 7577

Credits Photo: Christopher A. Faraone

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 697

Credits From Michel, BM

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 2174

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 698

Credits From Michel, BM

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

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