The CBd
 
 
Magical gem: Pantheos, lion (A) 'Sigé', deity riding on lion (B) characteres (C)
CBd-Number:
CBd-675
ID-Number:
GB-BM-MMEu_G 151, EA 56151
Collection:
GB_London, The British Museum
Inventory:
G 151 (EA 56151)
References:
Michel, BM, no. 289; Michel, DMG, no. 41.5.a_2
Former Collections:
Praun and Mertens Collection; Eastwood, George
Material:
haematite (black)
Dimensions:
32.5 x 29 x 5 mm
Dating:
3rd c. AD (Michel)
Iconography:
Pantheos; figure, unidentified; clothing: tunic; clothing: mantle; weapon: daggers (2); scepters (2); gesture, hand raised to mouth; tabula ansata; stars (2); star; moon, crescent; crown, hemhem; tail of bird; gesture, lying; rider; figure, female; animal: lion; scepter, unspecified
Divine Names & Voces:
Ἀβρασάξ; νιχαρωπληξ and variants; Σαβαώθ, variants; Λαϊλαμ and variants; σεμεσειλαμ and variants; Ἀκραμμαχαμαρεί and variants; Ἀδωναΐ; Ἰάω; Ἀβλαναθαναλβα, palindrome; Μιχαήλ

A: Frontal view of four-winged Pantheos standing to front on the back of a roaring lion, striding to left. The figure is nude, and has a bird’s tail projecting to right, both arms bent in elbow and holding daggers. Behind the figure, two scepters (the left one with a crossing notch at the top); on the head, the hemhem crown. Next to the head, on the left: a lying crescent with a six-pointed star below it. The lion strides above a tabula ansate, including an inscription in three lines: φ[- -]ξονι|[- -]αβαω|[- -]ασαξ → φύλαξον Ἰάω  Ἀβρασάξ. Inscription around the image in five concentric lines. First line: αβλαναθαναλ[- -]αακρα[- -]μ[- -]α; second line on the left: ριλελαμσ; on the right: εμεσιλαμ → voces including Ἀβλαναθαναλβα-palindrome, variant of Ἀκραμμαχαμαρεί, variant of Λαϊλαμ, variant of σεμεσειλαμ, third line on the left: νιχαρω; on the right: πληξ → νιχαρωπληξ, fourth line on the left: μιχαη; on the right: αδων; fifth line on the left: λ; on the right: ε → Μιχαήλ,  Ἀδων{ε}<αΐ>. 
B: Figure riding to left on the back of a lion which strides over a nude figure lying on the ground. Facing them, on the left, a female figure, wearing tunic and mantle, with right hand lowered beside the body, left hand raised to mouth, head to right and adorned with a headband (Sigé). In the free field between the figures, a lying crescent, behind the rider, an eight-pointed star. Inscription in two lines above the rider’s head: ιαωσ|αβαω → Ἰάω,  Σαβαώ. Inscription in three lines below the image: αβρασαξμ|ιχαηαδω|νειαω → voces including  Ἀβρασάξ, Μιχαή<λ>, variant of Ἀδωναΐ, Ἰάω. 
C: Illegible letters or characteres.

Bibliography
Michel, BM on CBd-675
The British Museum Collection database on CBd-675

Last modified: 2021-03-13 13:50:46
Link:cbd.mfab.hu/cbd/675
CITE THIS PAGE
CBd-675. The Campbell Bonner Magical Gems Database (2010-), developed at the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, editor-in-chief: Á. M. Nagy. Retrieved from: cbd.mfab.hu/cbd/675 on 23-05-2022.

Image-ID 7567

Credits Photo: Christopher A. Faraone

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 7568

Credits Photo: Christopher A. Faraone

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 7569

Credits Photo: Christopher A. Faraone

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 693

Credits From Michel, BM

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 2172

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 694

Credits From Michel, BM

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

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